In Journal of clinical gastroenterology
Artificial intelligence (AI), also known as computer-aided diagnosis, is a technology that enables machines to process information and functions at or above human level and has great potential in gastrointestinal endoscopy applications. At present, the research on medical image recognition usually adopts the deep-learning algorithm based on the convolutional neural network. AI has been used in gastrointestinal endoscopy including esophagogastroduodenoscopy, capsule endoscopy, colonoscopy, etc. AI can help endoscopic physicians improve the diagnosis rate of various lesions, reduce the rate of missed diagnosis, improve the quality of endoscopy, assess the severity of the disease, and improve the efficiency of endoscopy. The diversity, susceptibility, and imaging specificity of gastrointestinal endoscopic images are all difficulties and challenges on the road to intelligence. We need more large-scale, high-quality, multicenter prospective studies to explore the clinical applicability of AI, and ethical issues need to be taken into account.
Wu Jia, Chen Jiamin, Cai Jianting