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In Trends in ecology & evolution

Tropical biomes are the most diverse plant communities on Earth, and quantifying this diversity at large spatial scales is vital for many purposes. As macroecological approaches proliferate, the taxonomic uncertainties in species occurrence data are easily neglected and can lead to spurious findings in downstream analyses. Here, we argue that technological approaches offer potential solutions, but there is no single silver bullet to resolve uncertainty in plant biodiversity quantification. Instead, we propose the use of artificial intelligence (AI) approaches to build a data-driven framework that integrates several data sources - including spectroscopy, DNA sequences, image recognition, and morphological data. Such a framework would provide a foundation for improving species identification in macroecological analyses while simultaneously improving the taxonomic process of species delimitation.

Draper Frederick C, Baker Timothy R, Baraloto Christopher, Chave Jerome, Costa Flavia, Martin Roberta E, Pennington R Toby, Vicentini Alberto, Asner Gregory P


DNA, artificial intelligence, plant biodiversity, spectroscopy, technology, tropical botany