In NeuroImage. Clinical
The identification of oscillatory neural markers of Parkinson's disease (PD) can contribute not only to the understanding of functional mechanisms of the disorder, but may also serve in adaptive deep brain stimulation (DBS) systems. These systems seek online adaptation of stimulation parameters in closed-loop as a function of neural markers, aiming at improving treatment's efficacy and reducing side effects. Typically, the identification of PD neural markers is based on group-level studies. Due to the heterogeneity of symptoms across patients, however, such group-level neural markers, like the beta band power of the subthalamic nucleus, are not present in every patient or not informative about every patient's motor state. Instead, individual neural markers may be preferable for providing a personalized solution for the adaptation of stimulation parameters. Fortunately, data-driven bottom-up approaches based on machine learning may be utilized. These approaches have been developed and applied successfully in the field of brain-computer interfaces with the goal of providing individuals with means of communication and control. In our contribution, we present results obtained with a novel supervised data-driven identification of neural markers of hand motor performance based on a supervised machine learning model. Data of 16 experimental sessions obtained from seven PD patients undergoing DBS therapy show that the supervised patient-specific neural markers provide improved decoding accuracy of hand motor performance, compared to group-level neural markers reported in the literature. We observed that the individual markers are sensitive to DBS therapy and thus, may represent controllable variables in an adaptive DBS system.
Castaño-Candamil Sebastián, Piroth Tobias, Reinacher Peter, Sajonz Bastian, Coenen Volker A, Tangermann Michael
Adaptive deep brain stimulation, Brain-computer interface, Deep brain stimulation, Machine learning, Neural marker