In Circulation ; h5-index 165.0
Background: Heart failure (HF) is the most common long-term complication of acute myocardial infarction (MI). Understanding plasma proteins associated with post-MI HF and their gene expression may identify new candidates for biomarker and drug target discovery. Methods: We employed aptamer-based affinity-capture plasma proteomics to measure 1305 plasma proteins at one month post-MI in a New Zealand cohort (CDCS) including 181 post-MI patients who were subsequently hospitalized for HF compared with 250 post-MI patients who remained event-free over a median follow-up of 4.9 years. We then correlated plasma proteins with left ventricular ejection fraction measured at 4 months post-MI and identified proteins potentially co-regulated in post-MI HF using Weighted Gene Co-expression Network Analysis (WCGNA). A Singapore cohort (IMMACULATE) of 223 post-MI patients, of which 33 patients were hospitalized for HF (median follow-up 2.0 years), was used for further candidate enrichment of plasma proteins using Fisher meta-analysis, resampling-based statistical testing and machine learning. We then cross-referenced differentially-expressed proteins with their differentially-expressed genes from single-cell transcriptomes of non-myocyte cardiac cells isolated from a murine MI model, and single-cell and single-nuclei transcriptomes of cardiac myocytes from murine HF models and human HF patients. Results: In the CDCS cohort, 212 differentially-expressed plasma proteins were significantly associated with subsequent HF events. Of these, 96 correlated with left ventricular ejection fraction measured at 4 months post-MI. WCGNA prioritised 63 of the 212 proteins that demonstrated significantly higher correlations among patients who developed post-MI HF compared with event-free controls (dataset 1). Cross-cohort meta-analysis of the IMMACULATE cohort identified 36 plasma proteins associated with post-MI HF (dataset 2) while single-cell transcriptomes identified 15 gene-protein candidates (dataset 3). The majority of prioritized proteins were of matricellular origin. The 6 most highly-enriched proteins that were common to all 3 datasets included well-established biomarkers of post-MI HF - N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide and troponin T - as well as newly-emergent biomarkers - angiopoietin-2, thrombospondin-2, latent transforming growth factor-β binding protein-4 and follistatin-related protein-3. Conclusions: Large-scale human plasma proteomics, cross-referenced to unbiased cardiac cell transcriptomics at single-cell resolution, prioritized protein candidates associated with post-MI HF for further mechanistic and clinical validation.
Chan Mark Y, Efthymios Motakis, Tan Sock Hwee, Pickering John W, Troughton Richard, Pemberton Christopher, Ho Hee-Hwa, Prabath Joseph-Francis, Drum Chester L, Ling Lieng Hsi, Soo Wern-Miin, Chai Siang-Chew, Fong Alan, Oon Yen-Yee, Loh Joshua P, Lee Chi-Hang, Foo Roger S Y, Ackers-Johnson Matthew Andrew, Pilbrow Anna, Richards A Mark