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In ACS applied materials & interfaces ; h5-index 147.0

Long-term thermal stability is one limiting factor that impedes the commercialization of perovskite solar cell. Inspired by our prior results from machine learning, we discover that coating a thin layer of 4,4'-dibromotriphenylamine (DBTPA) on top of a CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) thin film can improve the stability of the resultant perovskite solar cells. The passivated perovskite solar cells retained more than 96% of their initial power conversion efficiency over 1000 h at 85 ℃ in N2 atmosphere without encapsulation. Near-ambient pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (NAP-XPS) was employed to investigate the evolution of composition and evaluate thermal and moisture stability by in-situ studies. A comparison between pristine MAPbI3 films and DBTPA-treated films shows the DBTPA treatment suppresses the escape of iodide and methylamine up to 150 oC under 5 mbar humidity. Furthermore, we have used ATR-FTIR and XPS to probe the interactions between DBTPA and MAPbI3 surface. The results prove that DBTPA coordinate with perovskite by Lewis acid-base and cation-π interaction. Compared with the 19.9% efficiency of pristine sample, the champion efficiency of passivated sample reaches 20.6%. Our results reveal DBTPA as a new post-treating molecule that not only leads to the improvement of photovoltaic efficiency but also thermal and moisture stability.

Ning Shougui, Zhang Songwei, Sun Jiaonan, Li Congping, Zheng Jingfeng, Khalifa Yehia, Zhou Shouhuan, Cao Jing, Wu Yiying