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In Biology

Plant secretome studies highlight the importance of vascular plant defense proteins against pathogens. Studies on Pierce's disease of grapevines caused by the xylem-limited bacterium Xylella fastidiosa (Xf) have detected proteins and pathways associated with its pathobiology. Despite the biological importance of the secreted proteins in the extracellular space to plant survival and development, proteome studies are scarce due to methodological challenges. Prosit, a deep learning neural network prediction method is a powerful tool for improving proteome profiling by data-independent acquisition (DIA). We explored the potential of Prosit's in silico spectral library predictions to improve DIA proteomic analysis of vascular leaf sap from grapevines with Pierce's disease. The combination of DIA and Prosit-predicted libraries increased the total number of identified grapevine proteins from 145 to 360 and Xf proteins from 18 to 90 compared to gas-phase fractionation (GPF) libraries. The new proteins increased the range of molecular weights, assisted in the identification of more exclusive peptides per protein, and increased identification of low-abundance proteins. These improvements allowed identification of new functional pathways associated with cellular responses to oxidative stress, to be investigated further.

Helena Duarte Sagawa Cíntia, Zaini Paulo A, de A B Assis Renata, Saxe Houston, Salemi Michelle, Jacobson Aaron, Wilmarth Phillip A, Phinney Brett S, M Dandekar Abhaya


Pierce’s Disease, Prosit, apoplast, grapevine, predicted spectral library, quantitative proteomics, secretome, xylem sap