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In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0

Nowadays, data-driven methodologies based on the clinical history of patients represent a promising research field in which personalized and intelligent healthcare systems can be opportunely designed and developed. In this perspective, Machine Learning (ML) algorithms can be efficiently adopted to deploy smart services to enhance the overall quality of healthcare systems. In this work, starting from an in-depth analysis of a data set composed of millions of medical booking records collected from the public healthcare organization in the region of Campania, Italy, we have developed a predictive model to extract useful knowledge on patients, medical staff, and related healthcare structures. In more detail, the main contribution is to suggest a Deep Learning (DL) methodology able to predict the access of a patient in one or more medical facilities of a fixed set in the immediate future, the subsequent 2 months. A structured Temporal Convolutional Neural Network (TCNN) is designed to extract temporal patterns from the administrative medical history of a patient. The experiment shows the goodness of the designed methodology. Finally, this work represents a novel application of a TCNN model to a multi-label classification problem not linked to text categorization or image recognition.

Piccialli Francesco, Cuomo Salvatore, Crisci Danilo, Prezioso Edoardo, Mei Gang