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In Biomedicines

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, poor understanding of its pathogenesis often gives rise to intractable immune escape and prognosis recurrence. Thus, a valid systematic approach based on big data mining and genome-wide RNA-seq data is imperative to further investigate the pathogenetic mechanism and identify biomarkers for drug design. In this study, systems biology method was applied to trim false positives from the host/pathogen genetic and epigenetic interaction network (HPI-GEN) under HBV infection by two-side RNA-seq data. Then, via the principal network projection (PNP) approach and the annotation of KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathways, significant biomarkers related to cellular dysfunctions were identified from the core cross-talk signaling pathways as drug targets. Further, based on the pre-trained deep learning-based drug-target interaction (DTI) model and the validated pharmacological properties from databases, i.e., drug regulation ability, toxicity, and sensitivity, a combination of promising multi-target drugs was designed as a multiple-molecule drug to create more possibility for the treatment of HBV infection. Therefore, with the proposed systems medicine discovery and repositioning procedure, we not only shed light on the etiologic mechanism during HBV infection but also efficiently provided a potential drug combination for therapeutic treatment of Hepatitis B.

Chang Shen, Wang Lily Hui-Ching, Chen Bor-Sen


deep learning, drug-target interaction (DTI) model, hepatitis B virus infection, host/pathogen interspecies genetic and epigenetic network (HPI-GEN), multiple-molecule drug, pathogenesis, systems medicine discovery