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In Journal of personalized medicine

There is increasing application of machine learning tools to problems in healthcare, with an ultimate goal to improve patient safety and health outcomes. When applied appropriately, machine learning tools can augment clinical care provided to patients. However, even if a model has impressive performance characteristics, prospectively evaluating and effectively implementing models into clinical care remains difficult. The primary objective of this paper is to recount our experiences and challenges in comparing a novel machine learning-based clinical decision support tool to legacy, non-machine learning tools addressing potential safety events in the hospitals and to summarize the obstacles which prevented evaluation of clinical efficacy of tools prior to widespread institutional use. We collected and compared safety events data, specifically patient falls and pressure injuries, between the standard of care approach and machine learning (ML)-based clinical decision support (CDS). Our assessment was limited to performance of the model rather than the workflow due to challenges in directly comparing both approaches. We did note a modest improvement in falls with ML-based CDS; however, it was not possible to determine that overall improvement was due to model characteristics.

Woo Myung, Alhanti Brooke, Lusk Sam, Dunston Felicia, Blackwelder Stephen, Lytle Kay S, Goldstein Benjamin A, Bedoya Armando


artificial intelligence, clinical decision support, falls, intervention, machine learning, pressure injury, prevention