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In ACS applied materials & interfaces ; h5-index 147.0

To respond global challenges of environmental contaminations, pursue more advanced material technologies, and achieve novel biomedical therapies, a variety of plasmas have been applied to wastewater and food processing, biomaterial treatments, and plasma-liquid ignitions. As these applications highly depend on the plasma-liquid interactions, researchers are now focusing on the physical and chemical reactions on the plasma-liquid interface. With massive publications reporting the molecular transfers, chemical pathways, and their effects on plasma treatments, this work provides a new point of view that the plasma-liquid interface can be manipulated by the chamber structure. In the experiment, plasma jet expansion in water is recorded in a cylinder chamber and a stepped-wall one. Data collected from the images show that the stepped-wall structure results in a shorter axial interface propagation, a small volume, more symmetry for the plasma jet, and more stability for the interface. To discover the physical mechanism behind these phenomena, we derived the momentum and energy equations for the plasma-liquid interface during its propagation. Those equations reveal how the stepped-wall structure can be used to manipulate the interface behaviors. Along with our experimental and theoretical investigation of the plasma-liquid interface, such information also sheds light on how the chamber wall structure can be used to manipulate the interface chemical reaction rates, stability, and expansion rate. This work is thus a basis of the future optimization for plasma-liquid treatments and ignitions which will be equipped with a flexible wall controlled by artificial intelligence to automatically achieve a variety of plasma treatment requirements.

Liu Yi, Lin Li, Yu Yonggang, Zhang Qi, Mang Shanshan