In IEEE journal of biomedical and health informatics
Accurate lymphoma segmentation on Positron Emission Tomography (PET) images is of great importance for medical diagnoses, such as for distinguishing benign and malignant. To this end, this paper proposes an adaptive weighting and scalable distance regularized level set evolution (AW-SDRLSE) method for delineating lymphoma boundaries on 2D PET slices. There are three important characteristics with respect to AW-SDRLSE: 1) A scalable distance regularization term is proposed and a parameter q can control the contour's convergence rate and precision in theory. 2) A novel dynamic annular mask is proposed to calculate mean intensities of local interior and exterior regions and further define the region energy term. 3) As the level set method is sensitive to parameters, we thus propose an adaptive weighting strategy for the length and area energy terms using local region intensity and boundary direction information. AW-SDRLSE is evaluated on 90 cases of real PET data with a mean Dice coefficient of 0.8796. Comparative results demonstrate the accuracy and robustness of AW-SDRLSE as well as its performance advantages as compared with related level set methods. In addition, experimental results indicate that AW-SDRLSE can be a fine segmentation method for improving the lymphoma segmentation results obtained by deep learning (DL) methods significantly.
Li Siqi, Jiang Huiyan, Li Haoming, Yao Yu-Dong