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In Magnetic resonance in medical sciences : MRMS : an official journal of Japan Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine

PURPOSE : MRI of endolymphatic hydrops (EH) 4 h after intravenous administration of a single dose of gadolinium-based contrast agent is used for clinical examination in some institutions; however, further improvement in image quality would be valuable for wider clinical utility. Denoising using deep learning reconstruction (Advanced Intelligent Clear-IQ Engine [AiCE]) has been reported for CT and MR. The purpose of this study was to compare the contrast-to-noise ratio of endolymph to perilymph (CNREP) between the improved hybrid of reversed image of the positive endolymph signal and the native image of the perilymph signal multiplied with the heavily T2-weighted MR cisternography (iHYDROPS-Mi2) images, which used AiCE for the three source images (i.e. positive endolymph image [PEI], positive perilymph image [PPI], MR cisternography [MRC]) to those that did not use AiCE. We also examined if there was a difference between iHYDROPS-Mi2 images with and without AiCE for degree of visual grading of EH and in endolymphatic area [EL] ratios.

METHODS : Nine patients with suspicion of EH were imaged on a 3T MR scanner. iHYDROPS images were generated by subtraction of PEI images from PPI images. iHYDROPS-Mi2 images were then generated by multiplying MRC with iHYDROPS images. The CNREP and EL ratio were measured on the iHYDROPS-Mi2 images. Degree of radiologist visual grading for EH was evaluated.

RESULTS : Mean CNREP ± standard deviation was 1681.8 ± 845.2 without AiCE and 7738.6 ± 5149.2 with AiCE (P = 0.00002). There was no significant difference in EL ratio for images with and without AiCE. Radiologist grading for EH agreed completely between the 2 image types in both the cochlea and vestibule.

CONCLUSION : The CNREP of iHYDROPS-Mi2 images with AiCE had more than a fourfold increase compared with that without AiCE. Use of AiCE did not adversely affect radiologist grading of EH.

Naganawa Shinji, Nakamichi Rei, Ichikawa Kazushige, Kawamura Mariko, Kawai Hisashi, Yoshida Tadao, Sone Michihiko


deep learning reconstruction, endolymphatic hydrops, gadolinium, inner ear, magnetic resonance imaging