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In BMC medical genomics

BACKGROUND : Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex multifactorial disease with a high prevalence worldwide. Insulin resistance and impaired insulin secretion are the two major abnormalities in the pathogenesis of T2DM. Skeletal muscle is responsible for over 75% of the glucose uptake and plays a critical role in T2DM. Here, we sought to provide a better understanding of the abnormalities in this tissue.

METHODS : The muscle gene expression patterns were explored in healthy and newly diagnosed T2DM individuals using supervised and unsupervised classification approaches. Moreover, the potential of subtyping T2DM patients was evaluated based on the gene expression patterns.

RESULTS : A machine-learning technique was applied to identify a set of genes whose expression patterns could discriminate diabetic subjects from healthy ones. A gene set comprising of 26 genes was found that was able to distinguish healthy from diabetic individuals with 94% accuracy. In addition, three distinct clusters of diabetic patients with different dysregulated genes and metabolic pathways were identified.

CONCLUSIONS : This study indicates that T2DM is triggered by different cellular/molecular mechanisms, and it can be categorized into different subtypes. Subtyping of T2DM patients in combination with their real clinical profiles will provide a better understanding of the abnormalities in each group and more effective therapeutic approaches in the future.

Khoshnejat Maryam, Kavousi Kaveh, Banaei-Moghaddam Ali Mohammad, Moosavi-Movahedi Ali Akbar


Classification, Clustering, Flux variability analysis, Insulin resistance, Metabolic modeling, Muscle, Subtype, Type 2 diabetes