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In International journal of molecular sciences ; h5-index 102.0

Mitochondrial proteins are physiologically active in different compartments, and their abnormal location will trigger the pathogenesis of human mitochondrial pathologies. Correctly identifying submitochondrial locations can provide information for disease pathogenesis and drug design. A mitochondrion has four submitochondrial compartments, the matrix, the outer membrane, the inner membrane, and the intermembrane space, but various existing studies ignored the intermembrane space. The majority of researchers used traditional machine learning methods for predicting mitochondrial protein localization. Those predictors required expert-level knowledge of biology to be encoded as features rather than allowing the underlying predictor to extract features through a data-driven procedure. Besides, few researchers have considered the imbalance in datasets. In this paper, we propose a novel end-to-end predictor employing deep neural networks, DeepPred-SubMito, for protein submitochondrial location prediction. First, we utilize random over-sampling to decrease the influence caused by unbalanced datasets. Next, we train a multi-channel bilayer convolutional neural network for multiple subsequences to learn high-level features. Third, the prediction result is outputted through the fully connected layer. The performance of the predictor is measured by 10-fold cross-validation and 5-fold cross-validation on the SM424-18 dataset and the SubMitoPred dataset, respectively. Experimental results show that the predictor outperforms state-of-the-art predictors. In addition, the prediction of results in the M983 dataset also confirmed its effectiveness in predicting submitochondrial locations.

Wang Xiao, Jin Yinping, Zhang Qiuwen


deep learning, imbalance data, mitochondria, mitochondrial intermembrane space