In The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences
Proper bone age assessment is crucial for the clinical diagnosis and evaluation of treatment responses. We investigated the applicability of Greulich and Pyle (GP), and Tanner and Whitehouse 3 (TW3) methods for children in modern Taiwan, using computer-aided diagnosis. Hand and wrist radiographs were obtained from 611 children (3-17 years) who came to our emergency department due to trauma. Ages 0 to 2 years old were excluded because of a limited number of cases. Skeletal maturation was assessed using the BoneXpert (version 18.104.22.168 automated software), which determines GP and TW3 bone age. The two scoring systems were evaluated for comparing the chronological ages in each subgroup. In boys, mean GP bone age vs mean chronological ages were delayed for ages 3 to 11 and advanced for age 12 to 17. In girls, mean GP bone age vs mean chronological ages was delayed for ages 4 to 8 and 17, and advanced for ages 3 and 9 to 17. In boys, the mean TW3 bone ages vs mean chronological ages were delayed for ages 5 to 10 except age 8, and advanced for ages 3 to 4, 8, and 11 to 15. In girls, the mean TW3 bone ages vs mean chronological ages were delayed for ages 4 to 12, and advanced for ages 3 and 13 to 14. By using the BoneXpert automatic software, we established bone age reference standards for children in Taiwan. Clinical application of GP and TW3 scoring methods can be adjusted according to our results to better assess bone age.
Wang Yi-Ming, Tsai Tzu-Hsueh, Hsu Jui-Sheng, Chao Min-Fang, Wang Yu-Tsang, Jaw Twei-Shiun
age determination by skeleton, artificial intelligence, bone age, growth curve