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In Cognitive neurodynamics

Prostate Cancer in men has become one of the most diagnosed cancer and also one of the leading causes of death in United States of America. Radiologists cannot detect prostate cancer properly because of complexity in masses. In recent past, many prostate cancer detection techniques were developed but these could not diagnose cancer efficiently. In this research work, robust deep learning convolutional neural network (CNN) is employed, using transfer learning approach. Results are compared with various machine learning strategies (Decision Tree, SVM different kernels, Bayes). Cancer MRI database are used to train GoogleNet model and to train Machine Learning classifiers, various features such as Morphological, Entropy based, Texture, SIFT (Scale Invariant Feature Transform), and Elliptic Fourier Descriptors are extracted. For the purpose of performance evaluation, various performance measures such as specificity, sensitivity, Positive predictive value, negative predictive value, false positive rate and receive operating curve are calculated. The maximum performance was found with CNN model (GoogleNet), using Transfer learning approach. We have obtained reasonably good results with various Machine Learning Classifiers such as Decision Tree, Support Vector Machine RBF kernel and Bayes, however outstanding results were obtained by using deep learning technique.

Abbasi Adeel Ahmed, Hussain Lal, Awan Imtiaz Ahmed, Abbasi Imran, Majid Abdul, Nadeem Malik Sajjad Ahmed, Chaudhary Quratul-Ain


Convolutional neural network (CNN), Deep learning (DL), GoogleNet, Prostate cancer, Transfer learning