In Medical physics ; h5-index 59.0
PURPOSE : Segmentation of organs-at-risk (OARs) is a weak link in radiotherapeutic treatment planning process because the manual contouring action is labor-intensive and time-consuming. This work aimed to develop a deep learning-based method for rapid and accurate pancreatic multi-organ segmentation that can expedite the treatment planning process.
METHODS : We retrospectively investigated one hundred patients with CT simulation scanned and contours delineated. Eight OARs including large bowel, small bowel, duodenum, left kidney, right kidney, liver, spinal cord and stomach were target organs to be segmented. The proposed 3D deep attention U-Net is featured with a deep attention strategy to effectively differentiate multiple organs. Performance of the proposed method was evaluated using six metrics, including Dice similarity coefficient (DSC), sensitivity, specificity, Hausdorff distance 95% (HD95), mean surface distance (MSD) and residual mean square distance (RMSD).
RESULTS : The contours generated by the proposed method closely resemble the ground-truth manual contours, as evidenced by encouraging quantitative results in terms of DSC, sensitivity, specificity, HD95, MSD and RMSD. For DSC, mean values of 0.91 ± 0.03, 0.89 ± 0.06, 0.86 ± 0.06, 0.95 ± 0.02, 0.95 ± 0.02, 0.96 ± 0.01, 0.87 ± 0.05 and 0.93 ± 0.03 were achieved for large bowel, small bowel, duodenum, left kidney, right kidney, liver, spinal cord and stomach, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS : The proposed method could significantly expedite the treatment planning process by rapidly segmenting multiple OARs. The method could potentially be used in pancreatic adaptive radiotherapy to increase dose delivery accuracy and minimize gastrointestinal toxicity.
Liu Yingzi, Lei Yang, Fu Yabo, Wang Tonghe, Tang Xiangyang, Jiang Xiaojun, Curran Walter J, Liu Tian, Patel Pretesh, Yang Xiaofeng
adaptive radiotherapy, multi-organ segmentation, pancreatic radiotherapy, treatment planning