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In Pediatric clinics of North America

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the leading cause of childhood blindness in very-low-birthweight and very preterm infants in the United States. With improved survival of smaller babies, more infants are at risk for ROP, yet there is an increasing shortage of providers to screen and treat ROP. Through a literature review of new and emerging technologies, screening criteria, and analysis of a national survey of pediatric ophthalmologists and retinal specialists, the authors found the shortage of ophthalmology workforce for ROP a serious and growing concern. When used appropriately, emerging technologies have the potential to mitigate gaps in the ROP workforce.

Barrero-Castillero Alejandra, Corwin Brian K, VanderVeen Deborah K, Wang Jason C


Artificial intelligence, Neonatal intensive care unit, Premature infant, Retinopathy of prematurity, Telemedicine, Very-low-birthweight