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In Nucleic acids research ; h5-index 217.0

In nature, allostery is the principal approach for regulating cellular processes and pathways. Inspired by nature, structure-switching aptamer-based nanodevices are widely used in artificial biotechnologies. However, the canonical aptamer structures in the nanodevices usually adopt a duplex form, which limits the flexibility and controllability. Here, a new regulating strategy based on a clamp-like triplex aptamer structure (CLTAS) was proposed for switching DNA polymerase activity via conformational changes. It was demonstrated that the polymerase activity could be regulated by either adjusting structure parameters or dynamic reactions including strand displacement or enzymatic digestion. Compared with the duplex aptamer structure, the CLTAS possesses programmability, excellent affinity and high discrimination efficiency. The CLTAS was successfully applied to distinguish single-base mismatches. The strategy expands the application scope of triplex structures and shows potential in biosensing and programmable nanomachines.

Hu Yingxin, Wang Zhiyu, Chen Zhekun, Pan Linqiang