In Environmental monitoring and assessment
Aquaculture is an important part of agricultural economy. In the past, major farming accidents often occurred due to subjective experience. There are many factors affecting the water quality of aquaculture. Maintaining an ecological environment with good water quality is the most critical link to ensure the production efficiency and quality of aquaculture. With the continuous development of science and technology, intelligence and informatization in aquaculture has become a new trend. Smart aquaculture cannot only realize real-time monitoring, prediction, warning, and risk control of the physical and chemical factors of the aquaculture environment but can also conduct real-time monitoring of the characteristics and behaviors of the fish, which infers the changes of the aquaculture ecological environment. In this paper, the research achievements over past two decades both are summarized from four aspects: water quality factor acquisition and pre-processing, water quality factor prediction, morphological characteristics, and behavioral characteristic recognition of fish and the mechanism between fish behavior and water quality factors. The advantages and disadvantages of existing research routes, algorithm models, and research methods in smart aquaculture are summarized. The work in this paper can provide a well-organized and summative knowledge reference for further study on the dynamic mechanism between the changes of water quality factors and the fish body characteristics and behavior. Meanwhile, the work can also provide valuable reference for promoting the smart, ecological, and efficient development of aquaculture.
Hu Zhuhua, Li Ruoqing, Xia Xin, Yu Chuang, Fan Xiang, Zhao Yaochi
Artificial intelligence, Fish behavior, Fish body characteristics, Precision agriculture, Water quality prediction