In The neuroradiology journal
BACKGROUND : Digital subtraction angiography is the gold standard for detecting and characterising aneurysms. Here, we assess the feasibility of commercial-grade deep learning software for the detection of intracranial aneurysms on whole-brain anteroposterior and lateral 2D digital subtraction angiography images.
MATERIAL AND METHODS : Seven hundred and six digital subtraction angiography images were included from a cohort of 240 patients (157 female, mean age 59 years, range 20-92; 83 male, mean age 55 years, range 19-83). Three hundred and thirty-five (47%) single frame anteroposterior and lateral images of a digital subtraction angiography series of 187 aneurysms (41 ruptured, 146 unruptured; average size 7±5.3 mm, range 1-5 mm; total 372 depicted aneurysms) and 371 (53%) aneurysm-negative study images were retrospectively analysed regarding the presence of intracranial aneurysms. The 2D data was split into testing and training sets in a ratio of 4:1 with 3D rotational digital subtraction angiography as gold standard. Supervised deep learning was performed using commercial-grade machine learning software (Cognex, ViDi Suite 2.0). Monte Carlo cross validation was performed.
RESULTS : Intracranial aneurysms were detected with a sensitivity of 79%, a specificity of 79%, a precision of 0.75, a F1 score of 0.77, and a mean area-under-the-curve of 0.76 (range 0.68-0.86) after Monte Carlo cross-validation, run 45 times.
CONCLUSION : The commercial-grade deep learning software allows for detection of intracranial aneurysms on whole-brain, 2D anteroposterior and lateral digital subtraction angiography images, with results being comparable to more specifically engineered deep learning techniques.
Hainc Nicolin, Mannil Manoj, Anagnostakou Vaia, Alkadhi Hatem, Blüthgen Christian, Wacht Lorenz, Bink Andrea, Husain Shakir, Kulcsár Zsolt, Winklhofer Sebastian
Central nervous system, aneurysms, interventional