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In Medicine

BACKGROUND : Many genetic diseases are known to have distinctive facial phenotypes, which are highly informative to provide an opportunity for automated detection. However, the diagnostic performance of artificial intelligence to identify genetic diseases with facial phenotypes requires further investigation. The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis are to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of artificial intelligence to identify the genetic diseases with face phenotypes and then find the best algorithm.

METHODS : The systematic review will be conducted in accordance with the "Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols" guidelines. The following electronic databases will be searched: PubMed, Web of Science, IEEE, Ovid, Cochrane Library, EMBASE and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Two reviewers will screen and select the titles and abstracts of the studies retrieved independently during the database searches and perform full-text reviews and extract available data. The main outcome measures include diagnostic accuracy, as defined by accuracy, recall, specificity, and precision. The descriptive forest plot and summary receiver operating characteristic curves will be used to represent the performance of diagnostic tests. Subgroup analysis will be performed for different algorithms aided diagnosis tests. The quality of study characteristics and methodology will be assessed using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 tool. Data will be synthesized by RevMan 5.3 and Meta-disc 1.4 software.

RESULTS : The findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis will be disseminated in a relevant peer-reviewed journal and academic presentations.

CONCLUSION : To our knowledge, there have not been any systematic review or meta-analysis relating to diagnosis performance of artificial intelligence in identifying the genetic diseases with face phenotypes. The findings would provide evidence to formulate a comprehensive understanding of applications using artificial intelligence in identifying the genetic diseases with face phenotypes and add considerable value in the future of precision medicine.

OSF REGISTRATION : DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/P9KUH.

Qin Bosheng, Quan Qiyao, Wu Jingchao, Liang Letian, Li Dongxiao

2020-Jul-02