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In Circulation. Arrhythmia and electrophysiology

Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) in medicine are currently areas of intense exploration, showing potential to automate human tasks and even perform tasks beyond human capabilities. Literacy and understanding of AI/ML methods are becoming increasingly important to researchers and clinicians. The first objective of this review is to provide the novice reader with literacy of AI/ML methods and provide a foundation for how one might conduct an ML study. We provide a technical overview of some of the most commonly used terms, techniques, and challenges in AI/ML studies, with reference to recent studies in cardiac electrophysiology to illustrate key points. The second objective of this review is to use examples from recent literature to discuss how AI and ML are changing clinical practice and research in cardiac electrophysiology, with emphasis on disease detection and diagnosis, prediction of patient outcomes, and novel characterization of disease. The final objective is to highlight important considerations and challenges for appropriate validation, adoption, and deployment of AI technologies into clinical practice.

Feeny Albert K, Chung Mina K, Madabhushi Anant, Attia Zachi I, Cikes Maja, Firouznia Marjan, Friedman Paul A, Kalscheur Matthew M, Kapa Suraj, Narayan Sanjiv M, Noseworthy Peter A, Passman Rod S, Perez Marco V, Peters Nicholas S, Piccini Jonathan P, Tarakji Khaldoun G, Thomas Suma A, Trayanova Natalia A, Turakhia Mintu P, Wang Paul J


artificial intelligence, machine learning