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In Analytical chemistry

This work presents a machine learning algorithm referred to as the Supervised Inference of Feature Taxonomy from Ensemble Randomization (SIFTER), which supports the identification of features derived from untargeted ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) experiments. SIFTER utilizes random forest machine learning on three analytical measurements derived from IM-MS (collision cross section, CCS), mass-to-charge (m/z), and mass defect (Δm)) to classify unknown features into a taxonomy of chemical kingdom, super class, class, and subclass. Each of these classifications is assigned a calculated probability as well as alternate classifications with associated probabilities. After optimization, SIFTER was tested against a set of molecules not used in the training set. The average success rate in classifying all four taxonomy categories correctly was found to be >99%. Analysis of molecular features detected from a complex biological matrix and not used in the training set yielded a lower success rate where all four categories were correctly predicted for ~80% of the compounds. This decline in performance is in part due to incompleteness of the training set across all potential taxonomic categories, but also resulting from a nearest neighbor bias in the random forest algorithm. Ongoing efforts are focused on improving the class prediction accuracy of SIFTER through expansion of empirical datasets used for training as well as improvements to the core algorithm.

Picache Jaqueline A, May Jody C, McLean John A

2020-Jul-06