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In BioMed research international ; h5-index 102.0

Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are important for almost all cellular processes, including metabolic cycles, DNA transcription and replication, and signaling cascades. The experimental methods for identifying PPIs are always time-consuming and expensive. Therefore, it is important to develop computational approaches for predicting PPIs. In this paper, an improved model is proposed to use a machine learning method in the study of protein-protein interactions. With the consideration of the factors affecting the prediction of the PPIs, a method of feature extraction and fusion is proposed to improve the variety of the features to be considered in the prediction. Besides, with the consideration of the effect affected by the different input order of the two proteins, we propose a "Y-type" Bi-RNN model and train the network by using a method which both needs backward and forward training. In order to insure the training time caused on the extra training either a backward one or a forward one, this paper proposes a weight-sharing policy to minimize the parameters in the training. The experimental results show that the proposed method can achieve an accuracy of 99.57%, recall of 99.36%, sensitivity of 99.76%, precision of 99.74%, MCC of 99.14%, and AUC of 99.56% under the benchmark dataset.

Yang Lei, Han Yukun, Zhang Huixue, Li Wenlong, Dai Yu