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In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0

The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the major roles of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a 5-year lung cancer survival prediction model using machine learning techniques (MLTs). The predictive performances of the models were compared with data from 809 survivors who underwent lung cancer surgery. Each of the modeling technique was applied to two feature sets: feature set 1 included clinical and sociodemographic variables, and feature set 2 added HRQOL factors to the variables from feature set 1. One of each developed prediction model was trained with the decision tree (DT), logistic regression (LR), bagging, random forest (RF), and adaptive boosting (AdaBoost) methods, and then, the best algorithm for modeling was determined. The models' performances were compared using fivefold cross-validation. For feature set 1, there were no significant differences in model accuracies (ranging from 0.647 to 0.713). Among the models in feature set 2, the AdaBoost and RF models outperformed the other prognostic models [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.850, 0.898, 0.981, 0.966, and 0.949 for the DT, LR, bagging, RF and AdaBoost models, respectively] in the test set. Overall, 5-year disease-free lung cancer survival prediction models with MLTs that included HRQOL as well as clinical variables improved predictive performance.

Sim Jin-Ah, Kim Young Ae, Kim Ju Han, Lee Jong Mog, Kim Moon Soo, Shim Young Mog, Zo Jae Ill, Yun Young Ho