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ArXiv Preprint

The current COVID-19 pandemic overloads healthcare systems, including radiology departments. Though several deep learning approaches were developed to assist in CT analysis, nobody considered study triage directly as a computer science problem. We describe two basic setups: Identification of COVID-19 to prioritize studies of potentially infected patients to isolate them as early as possible; Severity quantification to highlight studies of severe patients and direct them to a hospital or provide emergency medical care. We formalize these tasks as binary classification and estimation of affected lung percentage. Though similar problems were well-studied separately, we show that existing methods provide reasonable quality only for one of these setups. To consolidate both triage approaches, we employ a multitask learning and propose a convolutional neural network to combine all available labels within a single model. We train our model on approximately 2000 publicly available CT studies and test it with a carefully designed set consisting of 33 COVID patients, 32 healthy patients, and 36 patients with other lung pathologies to emulate a typical patient flow in an out-patient hospital. The developed model achieved 0.951 ROC AUC for Identification of COVID-19 and 0.98 Spearman Correlation for Severity quantification. We release all the code and create a public leaderboard, where other community members can test their models on our dataset.

Mikhail Goncharov, Maxim Pisov, Alexey Shevtsov, Boris Shirokikh, Anvar Kurmukov, Ivan Blokhin, Valeria Chernina, Alexander Solovev, Victor Gombolevskiy, Sergey Morozov, Mikhail Belyaev