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In International journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery

PURPOSE : Accurate estimation of the position and orientation (pose) of surgical instruments is crucial for delicate minimally invasive temporal bone surgery. Current techniques lack in accuracy and/or line-of-sight constraints (conventional tracking systems) or expose the patient to prohibitive ionizing radiation (intra-operative CT). A possible solution is to capture the instrument with a c-arm at irregular intervals and recover the pose from the image.

METHODS : i3PosNet infers the position and orientation of instruments from images using a pose estimation network. Said framework considers localized patches and outputs pseudo-landmarks. The pose is reconstructed from pseudo-landmarks by geometric considerations.

RESULTS : We show i3PosNet reaches errors [Formula: see text] mm. It outperforms conventional image registration-based approaches reducing average and maximum errors by at least two thirds. i3PosNet trained on synthetic images generalizes to real X-rays without any further adaptation.

CONCLUSION : The translation of deep learning-based methods to surgical applications is difficult, because large representative datasets for training and testing are not available. This work empirically shows sub-millimeter pose estimation trained solely based on synthetic training data.

Kügler David, Sehring Jannik, Stefanov Andrei, Stenin Igor, Kristin Julia, Klenzner Thomas, Schipper Jörg, Mukhopadhyay Anirban

2020-May-21

Cochlear implant, Fluoroscopic tracking, Minimally invasive bone surgery, Modular deep learning, Vestibular schwannoma removal, instrument pose estimation