In Magnetic resonance imaging
OBJECTIVE : Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) acquisition is inherently sensitive to motion, and motion artifact reduction is essential for improving image quality in MRI.
METHODS : We developed a deep residual network with densely connected multi-resolution blocks (DRN-DCMB) model to reduce the motion artifacts in T1 weighted (T1W) spin echo images acquired on different imaging planes before and after contrast injection. The DRN-DCMB network consisted of multiple multi-resolution blocks connected with dense connections in a feedforward manner. A single residual unit was used to connect the input and output of the entire network with one shortcut connection to predict a residual image (i.e. artifact image). The model was trained with five motion-free T1W image stacks (pre-contrast axial and sagittal, and post-contrast axial, coronal, and sagittal images) with simulated motion artifacts.
RESULTS : In other 86 testing image stacks with simulated artifacts, our DRN-DCMB model outperformed other state-of-the-art deep learning models with significantly higher structural similarity index (SSIM) and improvement in signal-to-noise ratio (ISNR). The DRN-DCMB model was also applied to 121 testing image stacks appeared with various degrees of real motion artifacts. The acquired images and processed images by the DRN-DCMB model were randomly mixed, and image quality was blindly evaluated by a neuroradiologist. The DRN-DCMB model significantly improved the overall image quality, reduced the severity of the motion artifacts, and improved the image sharpness, while kept the image contrast.
CONCLUSION : Our DRN-DCMB model provided an effective method for reducing motion artifacts and improving the overall clinical image quality of brain MRI.
Liu Junchi, Kocak Mehmet, Supanich Mark, Deng Jie
Deep leaning, Dense connection, MRI, Motion artifact, Multi-resolution block, Residual learning