In Computerized medical imaging and graphics : the official journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
In order to realize the visual analysis of cardiac fluid motion, according to the characteristics of cardiac flow field ultrasound image, a method for the cardiac Vector Flow Mapping (VFM) analysis and evaluation based on the You-Only-Look-Once (YOLO) deep learning model and the improved two-dimensional continuity equation is proposed in this paper. Firstly, based on the ultrasound Doppler data, the radial velocity values of the blood particles are obtained; due to the real-time VFM's high requirement on the computing speed, the YOLO deep learning model is combined with an improved block matching algorithm for the localization and tracking of myocardial wall, and then the azimuth velocity of myocardial wall speckles can be obtained; in addition, it is proposed in this paper to use a nonlinear weight function to fuse the radial velocity of the blood particles and azimuth velocity of myocardial wall speckles nonlinearly, and further the vortex streamline diagram in the cardiac flow field can be obtained. The results of the experiments on the evaluation of the Ultrasonic apical long-axis view show that the proposed method not only improves the accuracy of VFM, but also provides a new evaluation basis for cardiac function impairment.
Zhuang Zhemin, Liu Guobao, Ding Wanli, Raj Alex Noel Joseph, Qiu Shunmin, Guo Jingfeng, Yuan Ye
Cardiac flow field, Color Doppler, Speckle tracking, VFM, YOLO deep learning model