Prediction of protein structures using computational approaches has been explored for over two decades, paving a way for more focused research and development of algorithms in comparative modelling, ab intio modelling and structure refinement protocols. A tremendous success has been witnessed in template-based modelling protocols, whereas strategies that involve template-free modelling still lag behind, specifically for larger proteins (>150 a.a.). Various improvements have been observed in ab initio protein structure prediction methodologies overtime, with recent ones attributed to the usage of deep learning approaches to construct protein backbone structure from its amino acid sequence. This review highlights the major strategies undertaken for template-free modelling of protein structures while discussing few tools developed under each strategy. It will also briefly comment on the progress observed in the field of ab initio modelling of proteins over the course of time as seen through the evolution of CASP platform.
Dhingra Surbhi, Sowdhamini Ramanathan, Cadet Frédéric, Offmann Bernard
Ab-initio, Artificial intelligence, Protein structure prediction, Template-free modelling