In IEEE transactions on medical imaging ; h5-index 74.0
Cervical cancer causes the fourth most cancerrelated deaths of women worldwide. Early detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) can significantly increase the survival rate of patients. In this paper, we propose a deep learning framework for the accurate identification of LSIL+ (including CIN and cervical cancer) using time-lapsed colposcopic images. The proposed framework involves two main components, i.e., key-frame feature encoding networks and feature fusion network. The features of the original (pre-acetic-acid) image and the colposcopic images captured at around 60s, 90s, 120s and 150s during the acetic acid test are encoded by the feature encoding networks. Several fusion approaches are compared, all of which outperform the existing automated cervical cancer diagnosis systems using a single time slot. A graph convolutional network with edge features (E-GCN) is found to be the most suitable fusion approach in our study, due to its excellent explainability consistent with the clinical practice. A large-scale dataset, containing time-lapsed colposcopic images from 7,668 patients, is collected from the collaborative hospital to train and validate our deep learning framework. Colposcopists are invited to compete with our computer-aided diagnosis system. The proposed deep learning framework achieves a classification accuracy of 78.33%-comparable to that of an in-service colposcopist- which demonstrates its potential to provide assistance in the realistic clinical scenario.
Li Yuexiang, Chen Jiawei, Xue Peng, Tang Chao, Chang Jia, Chu Chunyan, Ma Kai, Li Qing, Zheng Yefeng, Qiao Youlin