In Computer methods and programs in biomedicine
Background and Objective The lower limb activity of recognition of the elderly, the weak, the disabled and the sick is an irreplaceable role in the caring of daily life. The main purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of using the surface electromyography (sEMG) signal and inertial measurement units (IMUs) data to determine the optimal fusion features and classifier for the study of daily ambulation mode recognition. Methods We have carried out several steps of experiments to obtain and test the optimal combination of the sEMG data and the body motion data at the feature level and the most suitable machine learning classification algorithm. Firstly, the sEMG and IMUs signals of eighteen participants performing four different ambulatory activities have recorded using wearable sensors. Secondly, several features of the sEMG sensors and IMU data were extracted and tested by the Markov Random Field based Fisher-Markov feature selector. Finally, four ML classifiers with several feature combinations were estimated with sensitivity, precision and recognition accurate rate of ambulatory activity classification. Results The results of this work showed that all selected features were significantly statistical difference in four ambulation modes. The principal component analysis was used to reduce the dimension of selected sEMG features and IMU features to form a fusion feature input support vector machine classifier, which could predict ambulatory activities with good classification performance. Conclusions It is concluded that the results demonstrate the feasibility of the ML classification model, which could provide a more novel way to guarantee the recognition rate and effectiveness of monitor daily ambulatory activity.
Zhou Bin, Wang Hong, Hu Fo, Feng Naishi, Xi Hailong, Zhang Zhihan, Tang Hao
Ambulation mode recognition, Inertial measurement units, Machine learning, Surface electromyography