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ArXiv Preprint

Image-based tracking of medical instruments is an integral part of many surgical data science applications. Previous research has addressed the tasks of detecting, segmenting and tracking medical instruments based on laparoscopic video data. However, the methods proposed still tend to fail when applied to challenging images and do not generalize well to data they have not been trained on. This paper introduces the Heidelberg Colorectal (HeiCo) data set - the first publicly available data set enabling comprehensive benchmarking of medical instrument detection and segmentation algorithms with a specific emphasis on robustness and generalization capabilities of the methods. Our data set comprises 30 laparoscopic videos and corresponding sensor data from medical devices in the operating room for three different types of laparoscopic surgery. Annotations include surgical phase labels for all frames in the videos as well as instance-wise segmentation masks for surgical instruments in more than 10,000 individual frames. The data has successfully been used to organize international competitions in the scope of the Endoscopic Vision Challenges (EndoVis) 2017 and 2019.

Lena Maier-Hein, Martin Wagner, Tobias Ross, Annika Reinke, Sebastian Bodenstedt, Peter M. Full, Hellena Hempe, Diana Mindroc-Filimon, Patrick Scholz, Thuy Nuong Tran, Pierangela Bruno, Anna Kisilenko, Benjamin Müller, Tornike Davitashvili, Manuela Capek, Minu Tizabi, Matthias Eisenmann, Tim J. Adler, Janek Gröhl, Melanie Schellenberg, Silvia Seidlitz, T. Y. Emmy Lai, Veith Roethlingshoefer, Fabian Both, Sebastian Bittel, Marc Mengler, Martin Apitz, Stefanie Speidel, Hannes G. Kenngott, Beat P. Müller-Stich