In Annals of biomedical engineering ; h5-index 52.0
Patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) offer an attractive experimental platform to investigate cardiac diseases and therapeutic outcome. In this study, iPSC-CMs were utilized to study their calcium transient signals and drug effects by means of machine learning, a central part of artificial intelligence. Drug effects were assessed in six iPSC-lines carrying different mutations causing catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), a highly malignant inherited arrhythmogenic disorder. The antiarrhythmic effect of dantrolene, an inhibitor of sarcoplasmic calcium release, was studied in iPSC-CMs after adrenaline, an adrenergic agonist, stimulation by machine learning analysis of calcium transient signals. First, beats of transient signals were identified with our peak recognition algorithm previously developed. Then 12 peak variables were computed for every identified peak of a signal and by means of this data signals were classified into different classes corresponding to those affected by adrenaline or, thereafter, affected by a drug, dantrolene. The best classification accuracy was approximately 79% indicating that machine learning methods can be utilized in analysis of iPSC-CM drug effects. In the future, data analysis of iPSC-CM drug effects together with machine learning methods can create a very valuable and efficient platform to individualize medication in addition to drug screening and cardiotoxicity studies.
Juhola Martti, Penttinen Kirsi, Joutsijoki Henry, Aalto-Setälä Katriina
Calcium transient signal, Classification, Drug effect, Induced pluripotent cardiomyocyte, Machine learning