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In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0

This study aimed to develop a diagnostic algorithm for preoperative differentiating uterine sarcoma from leiomyoma through a supervised machine-learning method using multi-parametric MRI. A total of 65 participants with 105 myometrial tumors were included: 84 benign and 21 malignant lesions (belonged to 51 and 14 patients, respectively; based on their postoperative tissue diagnosis). Multi-parametric MRI including T1-, T2-, and diffusion-weighted (DW) sequences with ADC-map, contrast-enhanced images, as well as MR spectroscopy (MRS), was performed for each lesion. Thirteen singular MRI features were extracted from the mentioned sequences. Various combination sets of selective features were fed into a machine classifier (coarse decision-tree) to predict malignant or benign tumors. The accuracy metrics of either singular or combinational models were assessed. Eventually, two diagnostic algorithms, a simple decision-tree and a complex one were proposed using the most accurate models. Our final simple decision-tree obtained accuracy = 96.2%, sensitivity = 100% and specificity = 95%; while the complex tree yielded accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 100%. To summarise, the complex diagnostic algorithm, compared to the simple one, can differentiate tumors with equal sensitivity, but a higher specificity and accuracy. However, it needs some further time-consuming modalities and difficult imaging calculations. Trading-off costs and benefits in appropriate situations must be determinative.

Malek Mahrooz, Tabibian Elnaz, Rahimi Dehgolan Milad, Rahmani Maryam, Akhavan Setareh, Sheikh Hasani Shahrzad, Nili Fatemeh, Hashemi Hassan