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In Frontiers in bioengineering and biotechnology

Osteoarthritis (OA), a degenerative joint disease, is the most common chronic condition of the joints, which cannot be prevented effectively. Computational modeling of joint degradation allows to estimate the patient-specific progression of OA, which can aid clinicians to estimate the most suitable time window for surgical intervention in osteoarthritic patients. This paper gives an overview of the different approaches used to model different aspects of joint degeneration, thereby focusing mostly on the knee joint. The paper starts by discussing how OA affects the different components of the joint and how these are accounted for in the models. Subsequently, it discusses the different modeling approaches that can be used to answer questions related to OA etiology, progression and treatment. These models are ordered based on their underlying assumptions and technologies: musculoskeletal models, Finite Element models, (gene) regulatory models, multiscale models and data-driven models (artificial intelligence/machine learning). Finally, it is concluded that in the future, efforts should be made to integrate the different modeling techniques into a more robust computational framework that should not only be efficient to predict OA progression but also easily allow a patient's individualized risk assessment as screening tool for use in clinical practice.

Mukherjee Satanik, Nazemi Majid, Jonkers Ilse, Geris Liesbet

2020

bone remodeling, cartilage degeneration, data driven approach, finite element modeling, gene regulatory network, in silico modeling