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arxiv preprint

Spitzoid lesions may be largely categorized into Spitz Nevus, Atypical Spitz Tumors, and Spitz Melanomas. Classifying a lesion precisely as Atypical Spitz Tumors or AST is challenging and often requires the integration of clinical, histological, and immunohistochemical features to differentiate AST from regular Spitz nevus and malignant Spitz melanomas. Specifically, this paper aims to test several artificial intelligence techniques so as to build a computer aided diagnosis system. A proposed three-phase approach is being implemented. In Phase I, collected data are preprocessed with an effective Synthetic Minority Oversampling TEchnique or SMOTE-based method being implemented to treat the imbalance data problem. Then, a feature selection mechanism using genetic algorithm (GA) is applied in Phase II. Finally, in Phase III, a ten-fold cross-validation method is used to compare the performance of seven machine-learning algorithms for classification. Results obtained with SMOTE-Multilayer Perceptron with GA-based 14 features show the highest classification accuracy (0.98), a sensitivity of 0.99, and a specificity of 0.98, outperforming other Spitzoid lesions classification algorithms.

Abir Belaala, Labib Sadek, Noureddine Zerhouni, Christine Devalland