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In Artificial intelligence in medicine ; h5-index 34.0

Glomeruli are histological structures of the kidney cortex formed by interwoven blood capillaries, and are responsible for blood filtration. Glomerular lesions impair kidney filtration capability, leading to protein loss and metabolic waste retention. An example of lesion is the glomerular hypercellularity, which is characterized by an increase in the number of cell nuclei in different areas of the glomeruli. Glomerular hypercellularity is a frequent lesion present in different kidney diseases. Automatic detection of glomerular hypercellularity would accelerate the screening of scanned histological slides for the lesion, enhancing clinical diagnosis. Having this in mind, we propose a new approach for classification of hypercellularity in human kidney images. Our proposed method introduces a novel architecture of a convolutional neural network (CNN) along with a support vector machine, achieving near perfect average results on FIOCRUZ data set in a binary classification (lesion or normal). Additionally, classification of hypercellularity sub-lesions was also evaluated, considering mesangial, endocapilar and both lesions, reaching an average accuracy of 82%. Either in binary task or in the multi-classification one, our proposed method outperformed Xception, ResNet50 and InceptionV3 networks, as well as a traditional handcrafted-based method. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study on deep learning over a data set of glomerular hypercellularity images of human kidney.

Chagas Paulo, Souza Luiz, Ara├║jo Ikaro, Aldeman Nayze, Duarte Angelo, Angelo Michele, Dos-Santos Washington L C, Oliveira Luciano


Convolutional neural network, Human kidney biopsy, Hypercellularity