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In Medical physics ; h5-index 59.0

PURPOSE : Current clinical application of CBCT is limited to patient setup. Imaging artifacts and Hounsfield unit (HU) inaccuracy make the process of CBCT-based adaptive planning presently impractical. In this study, we developed a deep-learning-based approach to improve CBCT image quality and HU accuracy for potential extended clinical use in CBCT-guided pancreatic adaptive radiotherapy.

METHODS : Thirty patients previously treated with pancreas SBRT were included. The CBCT acquired prior to the first fraction of treatment were registered to the planning CT for training and generation of synthetic CT (sCT). A self-attention cycle generative adversarial network (cycleGAN) was used to generate CBCT-based sCT. For the cohort of 30 patients, the CT-based contours and treatment plans were transferred to the first fraction CBCTs and sCTs for dosimetric comparison.

RESULTS : At the site of abdomen, mean absolute error (MAE) between CT and sCT was 56.89±13.84 HU, comparing to 81.06±15.86 HU between CT and the raw CBCT. No significant differences (p>0.05) were observed in the PTV and OAR dose-volume-histogram (DVH) metrics between the CT- and sCT-based plans, while significant differences (p<0.05) were found between the CT- and the CBCT-based plans.

CONCLUSIONS : The image similarity and dosimetric agreement between the CT and sCT-based plans validated the dose calculation accuracy carried by sCT. The CBCT-based sCT approach can potentially increase treatment precision and thus minimize gastrointestinal toxicity.

Liu Yingzi, Lei Yang, Wang Tonghe, Fu Yabo, Tang Xiangyang, Curran Walter J, Liu Tian, Patel Pretesh, Yang Xiaofeng


CBCT-based synthetic CT generation, adaptive radiotherapy, self-attention cycleGAN