In Computational and structural biotechnology journal
Proteins participate in various essential processes in vivo via interactions with other molecules. Identifying the residues participating in these interactions not only provides biological insights for protein function studies but also has great significance for drug discoveries. Therefore, predicting protein-ligand binding sites has long been under intense research in the fields of bioinformatics and computer aided drug discovery. In this review, we first introduce the research background of predicting protein-ligand binding sites and then classify the methods into four categories, namely, 3D structure-based, template similarity-based, traditional machine learning-based and deep learning-based methods. We describe representative algorithms in each category and elaborate on machine learning and deep learning-based prediction methods in more detail. Finally, we discuss the trends and challenges of the current research such as molecular dynamics simulation based cryptic binding sites prediction, and highlight prospective directions for the near future.
Zhao Jingtian, Cao Yang, Zhang Le
Deep learning, Ligand binding site, Machine learning, Protein, Protein–ligand binding