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In International journal of environmental research and public health ; h5-index 73.0

The resident admit notes (RANs) in electronic medical records (EMRs) is first-hand information to study the patient's condition. Medical entity extraction of RANs is an important task to get disease information for medical decision-making. For Chinese electronic medical records, each medical entity contains not only word information but also rich character information. Effective combination of words and characters is very important for medical entity extraction. We propose a medical entity recognition model based on a character and word attention-enhanced (CWAE) neural network for Chinese RANs. In our model, word embeddings and character-based embeddings are obtained through character-enhanced word embedding (CWE) model and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) model. Then attention mechanism combines the character-based embeddings and word embeddings together, which significantly improves the expression ability of words. The new word embeddings obtained by the attention mechanism are taken as the input to bidirectional long short-term memory (BI-LSTM) and conditional random field (CRF) to extract entities. We extracted nine types of key medical entities from Chinese RANs and evaluated our model. The proposed method was compared with two traditional machine learning methods CRF, support vector machine (SVM), and the related deep learning models. The result shows that our model has better performance, and the result of our model reaches 94.44% in the F1-score.

Gao Yan, Wang Yandong, Wang Patrick, Gu Lei


Chinese electronic medical record, attention mechanism, named entity recognition, neural network, resident admit notes