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In Journal of clinical medicine

Robust early prediction of clinical outcomes in Parkinson's disease (PD) is paramount for implementing appropriate management interventions. We propose a method that uses the baseline MRI, measuring diffusion parameters from multiple parcellated brain regions, to predict the 2-year clinical outcome in Parkinson's disease. Diffusion tensor imaging was obtained from 82 patients (males/females = 45/37, mean age: 60.9 ± 7.3 years, baseline and after 23.7 ± 0.7 months) using a 3T MR scanner, which was normalized and parcellated according to the Automated Anatomical Labelling template. All patients were diagnosed with probable Parkinson's disease by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke criteria. Clinical outcome was graded using disease severity (Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale and Modified Hoehn and Yahr staging), drug administration (levodopa equivalent daily dose), and quality of life (39-item PD Questionnaire). Selection and regularization of diffusion parameters, the mean diffusivity and fractional anisotropy, were performed using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) between baseline diffusion index and clinical outcome over 2 years. Identified features were entered into a stepwise multivariate regression model, followed by a leave-one-out/5-fold cross validation and additional blind validation using an independent dataset. The predicted Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale for each individual was consistent with the observed values at blind validation (adjusted R2 0.76) by using 13 features, such as mean diffusivity in lingual, nodule lobule of cerebellum vermis and fractional anisotropy in rolandic operculum, and quadrangular lobule of cerebellum. We conclude that baseline diffusion MRI is potentially capable of predicting 2-year clinical outcomes in patients with Parkinson's disease on an individual basis.

Tsai Chih-Chien, Lin Yu-Chun, Ng Shu-Hang, Chen Yao-Liang, Cheng Jur-Shan, Lu Chin-Song, Weng Yi-Hsin, Lin Sung-Han, Chen Po-Yuan, Wu Yi-Ming, Wang Jiun-Jie


Parkinson’s disease, diffusion tensor imaging, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator, machine learning, prognosis