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In Annals of biomedical engineering ; h5-index 52.0

Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome is commonly treated with minimally invasive laser surgery in fetoscopy. The inter-foetal membrane is used as a reference to find abnormal anastomoses. Membrane identification is a challenging task due to small field of view of the camera, presence of amniotic liquid, foetus movement, illumination changes and noise. This paper aims at providing automatic and fast membrane segmentation in fetoscopic images. We implemented an adversarial network consisting of two Fully-Convolutional Neural Networks. The former (the segmentor) is a segmentation network inspired by U-Net and integrated with residual blocks, whereas the latter acts as critic and is made only of the encoding path of the segmentor. A dataset of 900 images acquired in 6 surgical cases was collected and labelled to validate the proposed approach. The adversarial networks achieved a median Dice similarity coefficient of 91.91% with Inter-Quartile Range (IQR) of 4.63%, overcoming approaches based on U-Net (82.98%-IQR: 14.41%) and U-Net with residual blocks (86.13%-IQR: 13.63%). Results proved that the proposed architecture could be a valuable and robust solution to assist surgeons in providing membrane identification while performing fetoscopic surgery.

Casella Alessandro, Moccia Sara, Frontoni Emanuele, Paladini Dario, De Momi Elena, Mattos Leonardo S


Adversarial networks, Deep learning, Fetoscopy, Intraoperative-image segmentation