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In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0

The Myxococcales order consist of eleven families comprising30 genera, and are featured by the formation of the highest level of differential structure aggregations called fruiting bodies. These multicellular structures are essential for their resistance in ecosystems and is used in the primitive identification of these bacteria while their accurate taxonomic position is confirmed by the nucleotide sequence of 16SrRNA gene. Phenotypic classification of these structures is currently performed based on the stereomicroscopic observations that demand personal experience. The detailed phenotypic features of the genera with similar fruiting bodies are not readily distinctive by not particularly experienced researchers. The human examination of the fruiting bodies requires high skill and is error-prone. An image pattern analysis of schematic images of these structures conducted us to the construction of a database, which led to an extractable recognition of the unknown fruiting bodies. In this paper, Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) was considered as a baseline for recognition of fruiting bodies. In addition, to enhance the result the classifier, part of CNN is replaced with other classifiers. By employing the introduced model, all 30 genera of this order could be recognized based on stereomicroscopic images of the fruiting bodies at the genus level that not only does not urge us to amplify and sequence gene but also can be attained without preparation of microscopic slides of the vegetative cells or myxospores. The accuracy of 77.24% in recognition of genera and accuracy of 88.92% in recognition of suborders illustrate the applicability property of the proposed machine learning model.

Sajedi Hedieh, Mohammadipanah Fatemeh, Pashaei Ali