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In BMC bioinformatics ; h5-index 0.0

BACKGROUND : The number of biomedical research articles have increased exponentially with the advancement of biomedicine in recent years. These articles have thus brought a great difficulty in obtaining the needed information of researchers. Information retrieval technologies seek to tackle the problem. However, information needs cannot be completely satisfied by directly introducing the existing information retrieval techniques. Therefore, biomedical information retrieval not only focuses on the relevance of search results, but also aims to promote the completeness of the results, which is referred as the diversity-oriented retrieval.

RESULTS : We address the diversity-oriented biomedical retrieval task using a supervised term ranking model. The model is learned through a supervised query expansion process for term refinement. Based on the model, the most relevant and diversified terms are selected to enrich the original query. The expanded query is then fed into a second retrieval to improve the relevance and diversity of search results. To this end, we propose three diversity-oriented optimization strategies in our model, including the diversified term labeling strategy, the biomedical resource-based term features and a diversity-oriented group sampling learning method. Experimental results on TREC Genomics collections demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model in improving the relevance and the diversity of search results.

CONCLUSIONS : The proposed three strategies jointly contribute to the improvement of biomedical retrieval performance. Our model yields more relevant and diversified results than the state-of-the-art baseline models. Moreover, our method provides a general framework for improving biomedical retrieval performance, and can be used as the basis for future work.

Xu Bo, Lin Hongfei, Yang Liang, Xu Kan, Zhang Yijia, Zhang Dongyu, Yang Zhihao, Wang Jian, Lin Yuan, Yin Fuliang


Biomedical information retrieval, Diversity-oriented retrieval, Learning to rank, Machine learning, Supervised query expansion, Term ranking model