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In BMC bioinformatics ; h5-index 0.0

BACKGROUND : Microbes have been shown to play a crucial role in various ecosystems. Many human diseases have been proved to be associated with bacteria, so it is essential to extract the interaction between bacteria for medical research and application. At the same time, many bacterial interactions with certain experimental evidences have been reported in biomedical literature. Integrating this knowledge into a database or knowledge graph could accelerate the progress of biomedical research. A crucial and necessary step in interaction extraction (IE) is named entity recognition (NER). However, due to the specificity of bacterial naming, there are still challenges in bacterial named entity recognition.

RESULTS : In this paper, we propose a novel method for bacterial named entity recognition, which integrates domain features into a deep learning framework combining bidirectional long short-term memory network and convolutional neural network. When domain features are not added, F1-measure of the model achieves 89.14%. After part-of-speech (POS) features and dictionary features are added, F1-measure of the model achieves 89.7%. Hence, our model achieves an advanced performance in bacterial NER with the domain features.

CONCLUSIONS : We propose an efficient method for bacterial named entity recognition which combines domain features and deep learning models. Compared with the previous methods, the effect of our model has been improved. At the same time, the process of complex manual extraction and feature design are significantly reduced.

Li Xusheng, Fu Chengcheng, Zhong Ran, Zhong Duo, He Tingting, Jiang Xingpeng


Biomedical text mining, Conditional random field, Deep learning, Named entity recognition