Receive a weekly summary and discussion of the top papers of the week by leading researchers in the field.

In Frontiers in bioengineering and biotechnology ; h5-index 0.0

Liquid biopsy (i.e., fluid biopsy) involves a series of clinical examination approaches. Monitoring of cancer immunological status by the "immunosignature" of patients presents a novel method for tumor-associated liquid biopsy. The major work content and the core technological difficulties for the monitoring of cancer immunosignature are the recognition of cancer-related immune-activating antigens by high-throughput screening approaches. Currently, one key task of immunosignature-based liquid biopsy is the qualitative and quantitative identification of typical tumor-specific antigens. In this study, we reused two sets of peptide microarray data that detected the expression level of potential antigenic peptides derived from tumor tissues to avoid the detection differences induced by chip platforms. Several machine learning algorithms were applied on these two sets. First, the Monte Carlo Feature Selection (MCFS) method was used to analyze features in two sets. A feature list was obtained according to the MCFS results on each set. Second, incremental feature selection method incorporating one classification algorithm (support vector machine or random forest) followed to extract optimal features and construct optimal classifiers. On the other hand, the repeated incremental pruning to produce error reduction, a rule learning algorithm, was applied on key features yielded by the MCFS method to extract quantitative rules for accurate cancer immune monitoring and pathologic diagnosis. Finally, obtained key features and quantitative rules were extensively analyzed.

Chen Lei, Pan XiaoYong, Zeng Tao, Zhang Yu-Hang, Zhang YunHua, Huang Tao, Cai Yu-Dong


cancer subtype, expression rule, feature selection, immunosignature, multi-class classification