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In Frontiers in genetics ; h5-index 62.0

Peptide-based vaccine development needs accurate prediction of the binding affinity between major histocompatibility complex I (MHC I) proteins and their peptide ligands. Nowadays more and more machine learning methods have been developed to predict binding affinity and some of them have become the popular tools. However most of them are designed by the shallow neural networks. Bengio said that deep neural networks can learn better fits with less data than shallow neural networks. In our case, some of the alleles only have dozens of peptide data. In addition, we transform each peptide into a characteristic matrix and input it into the model. As we know when dealing with the problem that the input is a matrix, convolutional neural network (CNN) can find the most critical features by itself. Obviously, compared with the traditional neural network model, CNN is more suitable for predicting binding affinity. Different from the previous studies which are based on blocks substitution matrix (BLOSUM), we used novel feature to do the prediction. Since we consider that the order of the sequence, hydropathy index, polarity and the length of the peptide could affect the binding affinity and the properties of these amino acids are key factors for their binding to MHC, we extracted these information from each peptide. In order to make full use of the data we have obtained, we have integrated different lengths of peptides into 15mer based on the binding mode of peptide to MHC I. In order to demonstrate that our method is reliable to predict peptide-MHC binding, we compared our method with several popular methods. The experiments show the superiority of our method.

Zhao Tianyi, Cheng Liang, Zang Tianyi, Hu Yang


convolutional neural network, deep learning, epitope prediction, human leukocyte antigen, peptide-major histocompatibility complex class I binding prediction