Receive a weekly summary and discussion of the top papers of the week by leading researchers in the field.

In European journal of radiology ; h5-index 47.0

PURPOSE : Patients with recurrent abdominal pain and pancreatic enzyme elevations may be diagnosed clinically with recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP) even with normal imaging or no imaging at all. Since neither abdominal pain nor enzyme elevations are specific for acute pancreatitis (AP), and patients with RAP often have a normal appearing pancreas on CT after resolution of an AP episode, RAP diagnosis can be challenging. This study aims to determine if quantitative radiomic features of the pancreas on CT can differentiate patients with functional abdominal pain, RAP, and chronic pancreatitis (CP).

METHOD : Contrast enhanced CT abdominal images of adult patients evaluated in a pancreatitis clinic from 2010 to 2018 with the diagnosis of RAP, functional abdominal pain, or CP were retrospectively reviewed. The pancreas was outlined by drawing region of interest (ROI) on images. 54 radiomic features were extracted from each ROI and were compared between the patient groups. A one-vs-one Isomap and Support Vector Machine (IsoSVM) classifier was also trained and tested to classify patients into one of the three diagnostic groups based on their radiomic features.

RESULTS : Among the study's 56 patients, 20 (35.7 %) had RAP, 19 (33.9 %) had functional abdominal pain, and 17 (30.4 %) had CP. On univariate analysis, 11 radiomic features (10 GLCM features and one NGTDM feature) were significantly different between the patient groups. The IsoSVM classifier for prediction of patient diagnosis had an overall accuracy of 82.1 %.

CONCLUSIONS : Certain radiomic features on CT imaging can differentiate patients with functional abdominal pain, RAP, and CP.

Mashayekhi Rouzbeh, Parekh Vishwa S, Faghih Mahya, Singh Vikesh K, Jacobs Michael A, Zaheer Atif

2019-Dec-11

Abdomen, CT, Chronic pancreatitis, Machine learning, Pancreas, Pancreatitis, Radiomics, Recurrent acute pancreatitis